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Around 1.7 million Australians currently live with diabetes, and a further 275 Australians develop diabetes every day.

One in four Australian adults has either diabetes or impaired glucose metabolism.

In light of Diabetes Awareness Week (July 10th-16th), We are offering FREE 10 minute health screens for Diabetes Awareness Week, available through to the end of August. Call 0243 041 333 to book. View the offer here.

Type 2 diabetes represents the vast majority of diabetes in Australia (85-90 per cent) making it an epidemic of the 21st century. This largely due to our eating habits and inactive lifestyles – which means there is something we can do about it.

Diabetes is a serious condition and the potential complications include heart disease, stroke, blindness, limb amputation, kidney failure and erectile dysfunction. Yet most Australians are less concerned about diabetes than most other conditions and underestimate their risk of developing it.

Symptoms of Diabetes.

  • frequent urination, especially noticed at night
  • dry mouth, constantly feeling thirsty, feeling dehydrated
  • feeling tired, lethargic or irritable
  • feeling faint in-between meals
  • feeling hungry constantly
  • slow healing of cuts/sores/ulcers
  • itching, skin infections or rashes
  • thrush or bladder infections
  • blurred vision
  • unexplained weight loss (type 1)
  • weight gain (type 2)
  • weight changes
  • mood swings
  • headaches
  • feeling dizzy
  • pain or tingling in the legs and/or feet
  • high cholesterol levels and high blood pressure

If you are experiencing any of these symptoms please see a Doctor 0243 014 333.

Risk factors for developing diabetes

Being overweight

Contrary to popular to belief, you do not have to be overweight to develop diabetes, although obesity does account for an increased risk. There are many other risk factors, including;

  • People with a family history of type 2 diabetes and/or heart disease
  • People who lead a sedentary (inactive) lifestyle
  • People with high blood pressure
  • People with high triglycerides and low HDL cholesterol and or high total cholesterol
  • People who are overweight – risk is further increased for men with a waist circumference of more than 94cm and women with a waist circumference of more than 80cm
  • People who have heart disease or have had a heart attack
  • Women who have had diabetes in pregnancy (gestational diabetes) or given birth to a big baby (more than 4.5kg)
  • Women with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome
  • People of Aboriginal, Torres Strait Island, Pacific Islands, Asia and Indian heritage

 

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a chronic disease characterised by high blood glucose levels resulting from the body not producing insulin or using it properly. Insulin is a hormone that converts food (starches and sugar) into energy. There are two major types of diabetes:

  • Type 1 is an autoimmune disease in which the body does not produce any insulin. It is most often diagnosed in children. People with type 1 diabetes must take insulin injections every day to stay alive. Type 1 accounts for 10%-15% of diabetes.
  • Type 2 is a metabolic disorder resulting from the body’s inability to make enough insulin or properly use it. Type 2 accounts for 85%-90% of people with diabetes and is strongly linked to lifestyle factors such as obesity, lack of physical activity and poor eating habits. Genetic factors also largely contribute to type 2 diabetes. Unfortunately, for the first time in Australia, children are being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, another result of lifestyle factors.

What is Pre-diabetes?

Pre-diabetes is a condition that occurs when the blood glucose level is higher than normal, but not high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes.

Like type 2 diabetes, pre-diabetes is a result of the body’s insulin not working effectively. This is known as insulin resistance. Pre-diabetes is also known as Impaired Glucose Tolerance (IGT) and Impaired Fasting Glucose (IFG)

2 million Australians are thought to have pre-diabetes and left untreated may develop into type 2 diabetes within 5 – 10 years.

Pre-diabetes increases the incidence of cardiovascular (heart and blood vessel) disease, which can lead to heart attack and stroke.

People with pre-diabetes can reduce their risk of developing type 2 diabetes

Complications

Diabetes is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease such as heart attack and stroke, as well as kidney failure, blindness and amputations. It is the second most common cause of kidney failure that requires dialysis treatment Australia. It is the most common cause of blindness for people under the age of 60. There are eight limb amputations a day in Australia due to diabetes complications. Unmanaged, Diabetes can potentially take more.

In light of Diabetes Awareness Week, we are asking our patients the question:
Are YOU at risk of developing diabetes?

We are offering FREE 10 minute health screens for Diabetes Awareness Week!  Platinum Physiotherapy’s resident Exercise Physiologist Daniel D’Ávoine is offering free 10 minute assessment of risk factors for diabetes during July and August. Daniel will assess your risk factors and offer advice for getting started on an exercise regime and healthy eating plan. It doesn’t matter if you do not have diabetes, come along anyway to see how Daniel can help you begin to make small changes to your lifestyle for a happier, healthier future.

To book a screen call Reliance on 0243 041 333 or make an appointment online www.reliancehealth.com.au

Check online to see if you are at risk of developing type 2 diabetes here.

 

Author:

Melissa Tysoe | Marketing & Events Assistant | Reliance GP Super Clinic

www.reliancehealth.com.au

Sources:

https://www.diabetesaustralia.com.au/what-is-diabetes

https://www.diabetesaustralia.com.au/about-diabetes

https://diabetesnsw.com.au/what-is-diabetes/faqs/